When leadership and management work together, change happens


Understanding why we make decisions, who they impact, and the effects on ourselves and others are all facets of leadership.

Is leadership different from management? Decades ago, these terms were used interchangeably, but not anymore. They often share similar skills, says Dr. Joel Domingo, associate professor and academic program director of the Doctor of Education in Leadership program at City University of Seattle.

“Leadership and management both involve influence, people and goals,” says Domingo. “While the old adage ‘you manage tasks but lead people’ still rings true, there are nuanced differences. “

To clarify the distinctions, Domingo suggests that you think about your role when making an important decision that can benefit your organization. These processes of working with the information you have and making decisions are management skills. At the same time, these skills do not exist in a vacuum and organizations are made up of people. Understanding why we make decisions, who they impact, and the effects on ourselves and others are all facets of leadership.

“Too often we find that people who call themselves leaders often feel that leadership is a place you get when you get promoted out of management,” says Dr. Pressley Rankin IV, Academic Program Director and Professor. associate at the School of Applied Leadership at CityU. “Leaders can’t plan for the future if they don’t understand what’s going on today. They need to be able to see what the organization is doing and how it is doing it in order to help them plan for change.

Three types of leadership skills

Trying out different facial expressions while listening intently, making eye contact to build authority, or repeating the right body language to accompany a speech are all things an aspiring leader could practice in the mirror. But authentic leadership goes further and tends to be expressed in three key dimensions – intrapersonal, interpersonal and developmental.

Honing intrapersonal, interpersonal, and developmental skills is important to developing what’s called authentic leadership, says Domingo. “People aspire to leaders who demonstrate honesty, reliability, compassion and relativity. “

According to Domingo, the intrapersonal dimension of authentic leadership helps answer questions such as “Who am I as a leader and do I have a purpose?” The interpersonal side examines how a person interacts with others and connects with people in general. Some good questions to ask that address the interpersonal side are: “How do people react to my leadership, and is there a sense of camaraderie and / or respect present?” The developmental questions are simply, “How do I overcome some of my shortcomings or even admit that I need to learn more?” “

To go further, the new City University Master of Science in Management and Leadership, launched this fall, allows students to choose from three focus areas: change leadership, human resource management, and nonprofit leadership. Each focus area teaches how to effectively make the best decisions, build successful teams, develop self-assured management, lead the execution of strategic plans, and stand out when the time comes for promotion.

“Management focuses on the process and leadership focuses on people,” explains Domingo. “We wanted to incorporate both management and leadership into the degree because the two are historically viewed as complementary to each other. “

Exploring the different facets of leadership to find the right fit for your own skills and goals can lead to powerful impacts and results. Leadership touches all levels of society. Domingo says he sees students in business, government and even the military exploring many valuable topics, including change in the school system, inequalities in schools and diversity.

Dr Heather Henderson examined the gender disparities in female superintendents while working on her dissertation in the leadership program at City University of Seattle. Now, she has used the leadership capacity she learned and gained there to become a group leader within the International Leadership Association, the largest association in the world engaged in scholarship, development and the practice of leadership.

Another student who completed the same program, Dr. Mary Bethune, spoke about generational change in the workplace. With massive numbers of people retiring, how can their knowledge be saved and used in the future? She became a leader of change by finding ways to preserve this wisdom.

“It’s important to know that anyone can be a leader,” Rankin says. “You don’t need a formal title to lead. Martin Luther King and Gandhi are examples of leaders who have accomplished great things without a formal leadership title. We call it informal leadership and it is something that anyone can practice and learn.

Seattle City University is accredited by doctoral level. It is dedicated to serving working adults and transfer students and has been ranked among the nation’s top 50 online bachelor programs for seven consecutive years 2013-2019 by US News & World Report.


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